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Climate change, global warming, air pollution and respiratory diseases
Professor Gennaro D’Amato discusses the effects of environmental pollutants and climate change on respiratory diseases.
There is an increasing frequency of bronchial asthma in certain areas of Europe. Climate change can induce direct and indirect effects on asthma and is a particular problem in urban areas due to pollution. Particulates can penetrate the lower airways to induce bronchitis, bronchial pneumonia and COPD. Gases, such as ozone are also able to induce an inflammatory response in the nose and the lower airway. In general, we are seeing an increase in bronchial asthma in sensitised subjects.